HIV symptoms in women and men |prevention and treatment
Here you can read more about HIV symptoms, AIDS, and other related issues.
We will try to give you some explanations, but keep in mind that the only way to detect HIV is to do the testing for HIV.
This is important to know, because in some cases, people who are infected with HIV do not have any symptoms. (1)
There is no cure to this infection, but today, there are ways to treat it and avoid serious complications.
During this time, the first symptoms of HIV are likely to occur, but the worst thing is that they often resemble flu symptoms and they will probably be ignored. 
After these symptoms are gone, asymptomatic phase will start and no symptoms will occur for a long time. Asymptomatic phase can last for a decade or longer. 
During this period, a person with HIV can be quite unaware that he/she is infected, which can only make things even more dangerous. 
HIV will continue to spread and destroy the immune system, until the last phase. People who don’t know they are infected can easily infect other people. To avoid this, the best thing anyone can do is test for HIV.
We will tell you more about the most common HIV symptoms in both men and women.
What Are the Symptoms of HIV?
This phase can last for ten or more years, without any symptoms or indications. After some time, the symptoms will probably occur, but they will be much worse and they will be accompanied by other opportunistic infections.
This happens because the body is too weak to fight any infection and the immune system cannot be recovered. Some of these infections, like pneumonia or tuberculosis, can be lethal if they occur in the last stage (AIDS).
If you experience any of these symptoms, do not wait for too long, but visit your doctor and do the testing for HIV. Even if you feel healthy, you should get this test done.
These tests are sophisticated enough to detect HIV in its early stage, which is crucial for successful treatment. There is no cure, but there are medications that can be very helpful. Antiretroviral medications are now available and they can help in keeping the virus under control.
Thanks to antiretroviral medications, people with HIV can live much longer and without any serious complications. Again, this is only possible if HIV is diagnosed early.
It is impossible to protect yourself if you don’t know what you are dealing with. Many mistakes are made out of ignorance.
Keep in mind that some of those mistakes can be lethal. Don’t let that happen.
HIV Symptoms in Women
Even if they occur, these symptoms usually resemble the symptoms of flu or other infections, so they are often ignored and expected to go away spontaneously.
The fact is that they actually go away without causing any complications. This may lead a person to conclude that there is nothing wrong.
This is very dangerous, because HIV will continue to spread, even if there are no symptoms at all.
Asymptomatic phase is dangerous because a person may believe that everything is all right and he/she can infect someone else, without even knowing about it.
Some women can experience the symptoms like:
Asymptomatic phase can last for a decade, and by the time this phase is over, it will probably be too late to treat HIV infection.
If the disease is detected early enough, the chances for successful treatment will be greater.
Today, there are medications that have proven to be very effective in treating HIV infection.
These are called antiretroviral medications and they have made significant progress in treating this infection.
These medications are capable of preventing mother-to-child transmission, which is an incredible accomplishment in medical science. This way, HIV positive mothers are able to have healthy children, which is one of the most important things for any woman.
Antiretroviral medications can considerably prolong a patient’s life. Thanks to these medications, people with HIV can live for decades. However, this is only possible if the virus is detected in time.
HIV tests should be done even if you feel perfectly fine. There is no reason for avoiding the test.
This simple procedure can save your life. Early detection can also protect other people around you because you will know more about prevention and you will change certain habits.
If you experience any of these symptoms, visit your doctor to make sure everything is all right. Even if you are perfectly healthy, you must check your health regularly.
HIV Symptoms in Men
This virus attacks the immune system, destroying the cells that protect the body. Medical science still doesn’t have the cure, but there are medications that can help a patient in relieving the symptoms.
People with HIV can live for decades if they start treating HIV in time. Early diagnosis is extremely important.
That is why everyone should know about early HIV symptoms. If you detect HIV in time, your chances to treat it successfully will be greater.
However, the absence of symptoms doesn’t mean that the infection is gone. On the contrary – HIV continues to spread, invading the body and destroying its immune system.
Pneumonia, herpes and tuberculosis are among the most common ones.
Pneumonia and tuberculosis can be lethal if they occur during the last stage of HIV.
Medical science hasn’t found the cure yet, but other medications that can help people with HIV. Antiretroviral medications can increase the chances for a normal life and people with HIV can live for decades without major complications.
However, this is only possible if the infection is diagnosed in time, meaning during its early stage. Tests for HIV are available in every hospital and some of these tests are sophisticated enough to detect HIV very early.
If a person knows that he/she is infected, that can help in preventing further spreading of HIV.
People with HIV must know how to deal with this infection in order to prevent further spreading.
Counseling for people with HIV is usually a part of the therapy. There are professionals who are devoted to this type of work.
There are ways to help patients with HIV in all aspects of their lives.
We know that HIV is transmitted through blood and other body fluids. Mother-to-child transmission is also possible.
Speaking of body fluids, sexual transmission is common and people should know how to protect themselves.
We will tell you what you can do to prevent HIV infection. Drug users are also at risk because they often do not pay much attention to hygiene.
They sometimes use non-sterile needles and other items, which puts them at higher risk.
How to Prevent HIV
Do not let that happen. Sexual intercourses are normal and natural part of anyone’s life, but sometimes this pleasure can cost you way too much.
It can take away your health and your entire life.
Never have sexual intercourses without protection, even if you know your partner perfectly well.
Condoms are considered the safest way to prevent this virus from entering your body. Condoms are very effective because they protect you from other sexually transmitted diseases, too.
If you are dating a person who is HIV positive, both of you will have to take up some extra measures. Always use condoms and be careful when it comes to open wounds.
Keep in mind that people make lethal mistakes out of ignorance. If you know how HIV is transmitted and if you know how to protect yourself (and other people, too), you will be much safer.
People must be aware that they are responsible for themselves, but sometimes all of us are responsible for other people.
If a person is diagnosed with HIV, he/she must start HIV treatment as soon as possible.
Antiretroviral medications are used in HIV treatment and they can considerably relieve the symptoms of HIV.
These medications can also stop HIV from reproducing and destroying other cells in the body.
These antiretroviral medications can considerably help people who are infected with HIV.
If left untreated, HIV can destroy one’s immune system and can cause serious illnesses.
The body fails to fight any other infection and becomes vulnerable to all other viruses and bacteria. HIV destroys T-cells first, making the body unable to protect itself. It sounds unbelievable that we still do not have the cure, but it is true.
However, the treatment is available and thanks to these medications, people can live with HIV for decades. This means that there is still hope.
These medications can also help in preventing mother-to-child transmission.
If a pregnant woman keeps getting this treatment regularly, this will prevent HIV transmission to her unborn child.
Of course, there is always a possibility for the child to get infected through the placenta or during birth, but antiretroviral drugs seem to be very effective in protecting the child from the virus.
They also prevent HIV from using protease (HIV uses this protein for reproduction).
HIV Treatment Side Effects
Changes in metabolism are also possible. Some patients can experience problems with glucose metabolism, bone problems and abnormalities in lipid metabolism.
If detected in time, HIV can be prevented from further spreading and destroying the body’s immune system.
People who are infected can live much longer thanks to these medications. Sometimes there is a risk of certain complications and side effects, but these can be reduced and kept under control.
That is the best that medical science has to offer right now. The cure is yet to be found.